Cultural Law as an autonomous branch of Law began to be used by the end of the 20th century to identify the set of provisions of the Legal System that referred to culture as a reality with legal content1. In these first years, the scope of the term was practically limited to the internal national sphere of each State and was mainly identified with the constitutional treatment of the culture and its derived rights.
Late in March 2018, Spanish Police arrested J. B. and O. C. in Barcelona for their participation in a criminal network which traded with Libyan antiquities used to finance the DAESH. It is the first police operation that demonstrates the direct financing of the terrorist group by looting archaeological pieces, although there were well-founded suspicions to believe that it was a usual source of income from the beginning of its activity all over the territories they controlled.